Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities

Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities

November 14, 2017 Maria 0

Financial accountability is a vital element of public accounting in the modern times. Government and non-profit entities express their accountability for public funds through financial reporting. They release multiple management and financial reports highlighting the inflow of money, expenditure, contracts, and other aspects that may satisfy the expectations of the stakeholders. In this case, the stakeholders include the volunteers, donors, financiers, government officials, and members of the general populace. The non-profit and government entities use public accounting standards, statements, and reporting frameworks that are similar in some ways. However, there are unique differences in some instances as discussed below. Further information about The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting can be accessed by clicking at

Accounting Standards

Every profession operates under a structure of guidelines and principles that govern how personnel do their work. Accountants working for governments and non-profit establishments follows the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles to guarantee accuracy, effectiveness, and efficiency of public accounts released by these organizations. Additionally, public accounting for governments is required to conform to the practices formulated and ratified by the Government Accounting Standards Board while the non-profit accountants should adhere to the regulations set by Financial Accounting Standards Board.

The Government Accounting Standards Board offers guidelines for stakeholders like investors, public officials, taxpayers, and seo companies, read more information about seo companies at seo erie pa. Meanwhile, the Financial Accounting Standards Board targets the investors and other stakeholders who require financial reports for public decision-making processes. Both frameworks use inclusive and transparent processes to formulate and release accounting standards designed to enhance proper and accurate financial reporting.

Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities


The non-profit organizations and government agencies use several financial statements that are similar in format, requirements, and content. The first is the [Statement of Cash Flows](, which enables stakeholders to track the sources of income, expenditure, and the monetary operations associated with their entities. The second statement involves the [Statement of Activities](, which outlines the general standing of the organization as opposed to solely concentrating on the funds. It highlights the revenues, expenses, as well as how the expenses and revenues affect the net assets.

However, the third financial statement that both entities use is different despite technically having numerous similarities. Public accounting personnel dealing with governments refer to it as the Statement of Net Assets while their peers working for the non-profit establishments call it the Statement of Financial Position. Academicians and accounting professionals agree that there is no difference between these reporting apparatuses and the balance sheets used by the private sector.


Government organizations in the advanced democracies document the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report at the end of each year to communicate their financial standing. These reports are formulated and compiled using the aforementioned Generally Accepted Accounting Principles as well as the guidelines supported by the Government Accounting Standards Board. They offer a comprehensive view of an entity’s overall financial status through consolidated monetary statements. To read further information about annual financial report, click here.

The law does not make it mandatory for the non-profit establishments to generate, document, and release public declarations comparable to the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. Nonetheless, all non-profit entities are directed to generate, document and issue comprehensive financial reports to the investors and the Board of Directors. In recent years, non-profit agencies have embraced the use of fund accounting software to make and release financial reports on a timely and effective manner. They are responding to constant criticism from the public, who feel that their reports are difficult to analyze and understand.…

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

November 11, 2017 Maria 0

CPA or a certified public accountant is an individual who has passed the CPA Exam. The person has also had a practicing license by one of the fifty United States of America. If the state’s requirements continue to be met, the CPA’s license is renewed including continuing professional education credits. For getting more information about Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities, click at

Most experts in this category can operate within public accounting services. This can range from a large international CPA firm to a sole practitioner. Nevertheless, many professionals leave public account while others do not make it up to the field of operation.

These CPAs can be found working as accounts in financial services, accountants, healthcare, not-for-profit organizations, education, government agencies and much more. Candidates are now required to have one hundred and fifty college credits for most state boards of accountancy in order to sit for the CPA Exam.

The Facts And Figures Of Certified Public Accounting:

A bachelor’s degree in accounting, finance or business administration is required for CPAs. They expected to have no less than 2 years of public accounting experience and complete one hundred and fifty hours of education. It is a must for CPAs to pass a certification exam.

Certification requirements will vary from one state to another. For CPAs, there is a wide range of career alternatives in corporate accounting or public accounting. CPAs can occupy executive positions in the likes of chief financial officers, controllers and chief executive officers.

In income tax preparation, CPAs are well-known for their amazing and unique role. They can as well specialize in a plethora of other areas in the likes of information technology, managerial accounting, forensic accounting, bookkeeping, and auditing. There is a special code of ethics associated with CPAs.

CPAs not sticking to a code of ethics can be found in the simple example of the Enron scandal. When performing reviews and audits, state and federal laws need CPAs to maintain independence.

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

Services Provided By CPAs:

Assurance services remain the key functions carried out by CPAs. The financial audit is the most common type of assurance services used by CPAs. This is where CPAs attest to the freedom from material misstatement, the reasonableness of disclosures, and the adherence to the applicable generally accepted accounting principles in financial statements. There are instances where CPA firms can serve or act as a business consultant. Below are some services that you can enjoy from CPAs:

Estate planning

Corporate governance

Corporate finance


Governmental accounting

Financial accounting

Financial planning

Financial analysis

Income tax

Forensic accounting

Regulatory compliance

Financial reporting

Venture capital

Tax preparation

Management consulting

Information technology


Small businesses are not in any way required to have a certified public accountant or CPA. When small businesses are having their financial statements reviewed or audited, a CPA would be needed. It is important to consider certain factors before hiring a CPA. This will help to get your project completed by a professional hand. CPAs are great professionals that can help in auditing and review top-notch information. Check professionalism, quality of service, experience, skill, and certification before hiring your dream CPA. Certified public accounting systems will help your business in a tons of ways. To get more information about public vs private accounting, click here.…

Some reputable public Accounting Firms

Some reputable public Accounting Firms

October 30, 2017 Maria 0


The most reputable public accounting firms across the world have unique characteristics. They operate for long hours and employees are not only engaged in ruthless internal competition but also from other firms. The firms are located in different parts of the world; therefore, you have to travel to gain a firsthand experience with these magnificent financial institutions. This article aims to discuss the history and characteristics of the different accounting firms. It will help you in your search to becoming and achieving the best in your finance career. Further information about The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting can be read by clicking at

1. Price  water house Coopers (PWC)

It was founded in 1998 and its headquarters are based in New York City. PWC has been ranked the best accounting firms on many occasions. Most people in pursuing a career in finance dream of joining this prestigious financial institution. It provides professional financial services through its different branches in 157 countries around the world. In addition, it has a workforce of approximately 208,000 employees. Some of the services that the company is dedicated to providing include forensics, human resources, and consulting services. PWC generates $ 35.4 billion on average each year making it the second largest accounting firm in the United States of America. Working for this company has its own advantages and disadvantages.


1) It provides many learning opportunities to those pursuing careers in the finance industry

2) Being among the fortune 500 companies, working in PWC is fulfilling

The only disadvantage is a high level of stress due to the unending chain of demands from clients that might push you to work during insane hours.

2. Deloitte

The company was founded in 1845 with its headquarters based in New York City. It has branches in 150 countries across the globe with approximately 220,000 workers and generates $ 35.2 billion every year. Each branch operates in accordance with rules and regulation of the country in which it is based. Deloitte provides four types of financial related services. They include consulting services, audit queries, advisory, and tax. Most of its clients are service professionals from cyber-security, human capital, technology strategy, strategy and operations, data analytic, and finance and accounting.


1) Has a reputation of hiring competent and self-motivated employees

2) Provides a favorable environment for teamwork and overall development of its workers. Nonetheless, if you decide to join Deloitte then you must ensure that your working hours are flexible. They do not have time predictability, therefore, you should consider long working hours as part of your life.

Some reputable public Accounting Firms

3. Ernest & Young (EY)

EY was founded in 1849 with its headquarters based in London. In 1906, Arthur Young opened an accounting firm in Chicago and named it Arthur Young & Co. In 1903, A.C Ernst founded Ernst & Ernst accounting firm. Even though the two founders never met, their firms joined four decades later to form Ernst & Young. Services offered by the firm include transaction advisory services, tax, and assurance. Some of the industry specializations that EY majors in include real estate such as leisure, hospitality, and construction; media and entertainment; technology; life sciences such as pharmaceutical and biotechnology; support to entrepreneurial businesses and clean-tech.


1) Varying clients who visit the firm provide a great learning opportunity to all the employees. The experience gained also adds a great value to resumes and portfolios.

2) It is one of the best places to work in with friendly colleagues and bosses.

3) Best of all, you get generous salary packages and allowances which are always reviewed upwards after some time.

A disappointing factor within EY is that a lot is expected out you as an employee in an environment that keeps your thinking capacity in a stagnant mode. This can raise your
stress levels.


KPMG was established in 1987 and its headquarters stationed in Amstelveen. It is one of the fastest growing public accounting firms with 155 branches in different countries. It has made 9,000 partners and boasts of 174,000 employees. KPMG offers industry specialization and services in audit, transaction advisory, and tax. Most of the firm’s clients are drawn from banking and finance, real estate, consumer goods and services such as food and insurance, healthcare industry, technology, government and public sector, and media.


1) The company operates in a family culture which provides great support to all employees

2) KPMG’s international presence is an opportunity for growth and professional advancement for both the clients and workers.

It is quite unfortunate that the firm has a poor brand image and is considered least prestigious in a list of the above-named firms. Also, there have been a few employees who complain of poor compensation from numerous traveling for official duties.


In conclusion, reputable financial firms are not the best in making profits but also the best contributors to the development of their employees. As mentioned in this article, the best four are PWC, Deloitte, EY, and KPMG. When choosing which one among them to join, it all comes down to preference. To read information about reputable financial institutions, click here.…

Brief guide to use financial management

Brief guide to use financial management

October 23, 2017 Maria 0

We recognize what is financial management. It’s an individual choice in settling on intelligent decisions about our money. Financial management includes a lot of regions. Here, I rattle off 5 of essential territories that you should know. These are the major regions you should think since it is these regions that we either blundered our cash, or it will empower some money to work for us. If you want to get information about Some reputable public Accounting Firms, click at

The accompanying is the crucial territories that you should take a gander at:

Income management

This includes evaluating your present net financial total assets (what you claim shortly what you owe). This ought to for the most part let you know whether you are en route to financial flexibility or financial calamity. To put it plainly, most financial specialists would encourage you to keep a high reserve funds and this ought to be your main priority in financial arranging. To read more information about financial specialist, click here.

Speculation arranging

When you have chosen the measure of cash you might want to spare, you ought to consider where to put your reserve funds with the point of getting a higher returns than your typical investment account. Disregard the 2% p.a. Interests for sparing. You require something more modern than that! At any rate, you ought to go for settled stores. Something else, a great speculation program will be decent.

Protection arranging

Protection arranging is required to in guarantee that every one of your properties is secured and that your relatives are all around ensured by having enough protection scope.

Brief guide to use financial management

Duty arranging

The point of expense was arranging influences everybody who gets the wage, yet it is a zone that is predominantly overlooked or overlooked by generally people. Hence, this range includes techniques making the most under the neighborhood assess control in the region of your pay, stocks, land, and property.

Retirement arranging

You are not going to drudge as long as you can remember, would you say you are? At the point when seniority manifestations start to kick in, or you have achieved the obligatory retirement age, you will need to resign. There is no decision. Along these lines, having a retirement design paying little heed to of your age is fundamental! You wouldn’t have any desire to be compelled to backpedal to work because of an absence of cash!

Home arranging

Having a home arrangement or a will should guarantee that your desires for what’s to come are done. Likewise, a home arrangement or a will can supply financial insurance for your family, guarantee your property is protected and keep off question among relatives. The above are only 5 of the numerous other financial choices. It is critical to observe your over five since they are chiefly in charge of your financial achievement or disappointment.

Accomplishing the objectives of financial management, both long haul and here and now, includes a lot of procedures and exercises. These typically incorporate money management, financial hazard management, financial bookkeeping, administrative bookkeeping, and others.

Presently, these may seem like a large number of errands, particularly for agents who are just overseeing independent ventures. With the numerous financial management programming items accessible, be that as it may, dealing with these assignments may end up noticeably less demanding. Then again, agents may benefit themselves of the administrations of a financial administrator or look for the guide of organizations giving financial management administrations.…