Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities

Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities

November 14, 2017 Maria 0

Financial accountability is a vital element of public accounting in the modern times. Government and non-profit entities express their accountability for public funds through financial reporting. They release multiple management and financial reports highlighting the inflow of money, expenditure, contracts, and other aspects that may satisfy the expectations of the stakeholders. In this case, the stakeholders include the volunteers, donors, financiers, government officials, and members of the general populace. The non-profit and government entities use public accounting standards, statements, and reporting frameworks that are similar in some ways. However, there are unique differences in some instances as discussed below. Further information about The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting can be accessed by clicking at

Accounting Standards

Every profession operates under a structure of guidelines and principles that govern how personnel do their work. Accountants working for governments and non-profit establishments follows the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles to guarantee accuracy, effectiveness, and efficiency of public accounts released by these organizations. Additionally, public accounting for governments is required to conform to the practices formulated and ratified by the Government Accounting Standards Board while the non-profit accountants should adhere to the regulations set by Financial Accounting Standards Board.

The Government Accounting Standards Board offers guidelines for stakeholders like investors, public officials, taxpayers, and seo companies, read more information about seo companies at seo erie pa. Meanwhile, the Financial Accounting Standards Board targets the investors and other stakeholders who require financial reports for public decision-making processes. Both frameworks use inclusive and transparent processes to formulate and release accounting standards designed to enhance proper and accurate financial reporting.

Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities


The non-profit organizations and government agencies use several financial statements that are similar in format, requirements, and content. The first is the [Statement of Cash Flows](, which enables stakeholders to track the sources of income, expenditure, and the monetary operations associated with their entities. The second statement involves the [Statement of Activities](, which outlines the general standing of the organization as opposed to solely concentrating on the funds. It highlights the revenues, expenses, as well as how the expenses and revenues affect the net assets.

However, the third financial statement that both entities use is different despite technically having numerous similarities. Public accounting personnel dealing with governments refer to it as the Statement of Net Assets while their peers working for the non-profit establishments call it the Statement of Financial Position. Academicians and accounting professionals agree that there is no difference between these reporting apparatuses and the balance sheets used by the private sector.


Government organizations in the advanced democracies document the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report at the end of each year to communicate their financial standing. These reports are formulated and compiled using the aforementioned Generally Accepted Accounting Principles as well as the guidelines supported by the Government Accounting Standards Board. They offer a comprehensive view of an entity’s overall financial status through consolidated monetary statements. To read further information about annual financial report, click here.

The law does not make it mandatory for the non-profit establishments to generate, document, and release public declarations comparable to the Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. Nonetheless, all non-profit entities are directed to generate, document and issue comprehensive financial reports to the investors and the Board of Directors. In recent years, non-profit agencies have embraced the use of fund accounting software to make and release financial reports on a timely and effective manner. They are responding to constant criticism from the public, who feel that their reports are difficult to analyze and understand.…

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

November 11, 2017 Maria 0

CPA or a certified public accountant is an individual who has passed the CPA Exam. The person has also had a practicing license by one of the fifty United States of America. If the state’s requirements continue to be met, the CPA’s license is renewed including continuing professional education credits. For getting more information about Use of Public accounting in Government and non-profit entities, click at

Most experts in this category can operate within public accounting services. This can range from a large international CPA firm to a sole practitioner. Nevertheless, many professionals leave public account while others do not make it up to the field of operation.

These CPAs can be found working as accounts in financial services, accountants, healthcare, not-for-profit organizations, education, government agencies and much more. Candidates are now required to have one hundred and fifty college credits for most state boards of accountancy in order to sit for the CPA Exam.

The Facts And Figures Of Certified Public Accounting:

A bachelor’s degree in accounting, finance or business administration is required for CPAs. They expected to have no less than 2 years of public accounting experience and complete one hundred and fifty hours of education. It is a must for CPAs to pass a certification exam.

Certification requirements will vary from one state to another. For CPAs, there is a wide range of career alternatives in corporate accounting or public accounting. CPAs can occupy executive positions in the likes of chief financial officers, controllers and chief executive officers.

In income tax preparation, CPAs are well-known for their amazing and unique role. They can as well specialize in a plethora of other areas in the likes of information technology, managerial accounting, forensic accounting, bookkeeping, and auditing. There is a special code of ethics associated with CPAs.

CPAs not sticking to a code of ethics can be found in the simple example of the Enron scandal. When performing reviews and audits, state and federal laws need CPAs to maintain independence.

The Basics Of Certified Public Accounting

Services Provided By CPAs:

Assurance services remain the key functions carried out by CPAs. The financial audit is the most common type of assurance services used by CPAs. This is where CPAs attest to the freedom from material misstatement, the reasonableness of disclosures, and the adherence to the applicable generally accepted accounting principles in financial statements. There are instances where CPA firms can serve or act as a business consultant. Below are some services that you can enjoy from CPAs:

Estate planning

Corporate governance

Corporate finance


Governmental accounting

Financial accounting

Financial planning

Financial analysis

Income tax

Forensic accounting

Regulatory compliance

Financial reporting

Venture capital

Tax preparation

Management consulting

Information technology


Small businesses are not in any way required to have a certified public accountant or CPA. When small businesses are having their financial statements reviewed or audited, a CPA would be needed. It is important to consider certain factors before hiring a CPA. This will help to get your project completed by a professional hand. CPAs are great professionals that can help in auditing and review top-notch information. Check professionalism, quality of service, experience, skill, and certification before hiring your dream CPA. Certified public accounting systems will help your business in a tons of ways. To get more information about public vs private accounting, click here.…